Down is the new up: add space and value to your home with a basement.
If you want extra space but your home won’t go wider, longer or higher, and you can’t face the upheaval of moving, look down: this could be the way to add space and value to your property.
Start by working out what you’ll use the space for. This will affect how it’s designed and built as well as how much it costs, so it’s a crucial first step.
You’ll also need to find the right professionals: regardless of your new basement’s function, you’ll need specialist help with the construction stage. And of course, construction is only part of the job. There’s also planning consent to consider, the Party Wall Act to figure out and a team of experts to bring together.
It’s easy to feel overwhelmed by a project of this size or to spend more than you need, so we’ve broken the process down into manageable pieces. In part 1 of this series, we look at the rules and regulations that’ll affect your build. In part 2 we take a closer look at how to make it safe and fit for purpose.
It’s OK to get help
If time is tight or your project is complex, look into employing an architect or specialist basement company to manage the entire process. Start by asking around: have friends, family or neighbours had a similar job done? “Recommendations and testimonials are essential when finding a company to build your basement,” says Steve McStea of Advantage Basements. “Always ask how long they have been in business.”
Once you’ve narrowed down your options, drill down into what you’ll be paying for. “Make sure that you’re contracting the actual contractor that is going to conduct these works – not a firm that is going to subcontract the works and simply put margin on it,” says Mike Lander of Ensoul Architectural Design.
Get to grips with planning policy
Before you get swept up in the excitement of designing your new basement, you’ll need to look into planning policy in your area so that you know what kind of space is feasible.
“Every planning office has a different policy about what you can and can’t do with basements in their borough,” explains Mike. Be aware that if you live in a conversation area, there will be additional restrictions placed on your basement development. Wherever you live, always contact your local authority for clarification if you’re unsure about rules or terminology.
Get set to survey
Once you have a handle on local planning laws, your next step is to arrange for the area to be surveyed. The results will inform the technical design of the basement and possibly be included in your planning application.
“A geotechnical survey reports on the soil structure down to the depth you’re digging and any likely issues to do with the height of the water table (the level below which the ground is saturated with water),” explains Mike.
Meanwhile, a drains survey will establish where the drains run around and under your house and garden. You may find you need a separate build-over agreement from your water provider if you plan to build over or close to a public sewer.
You may also need a flood risk assessment: ask your architect or basement conversion specialist for guidance.
Take notice of building regs
Your new basement must meet building regulations, including those covering fire safety and ventilation, for it to be legally habitable. You’ll need to make a building control application: apply online at Planning Portal .
During the build, an approved building control inspector will be appointed to oversee the construction work and sign off that the structure conforms to building regulations. Find your local building control inspector at LABC.
Be a good neighbour
Make sure you make time to talk to your neighbours about your plans. You’ll be able to address and allay any concerns, which in turn will prevent complaints when you submit your planning application.
“Provide them with a top-level overview of the proposed basement size and design,” says Mike. “Go through timings with them so they can understand the duration of works and impact to them. Explain that the basement is being professionally designed, built and managed to quash any fears about cowboys potentially collapsing your houses.”
He continues: “Make a small gesture to them – for example, pay for a window cleaner once a month during works. The goodwill will go a long way and in the scheme of things, the cost is minimal.”
Proceed with planning permission
Once you’ve finalised plans and your neighbours are in the loop, you can submit your planning application. Expect to wait up to eight weeks for a verdict. “Typically, your assigned planning officer will want to visit and will have some questions that need answering,” explains Mike. “They’re likely to indicate some conditions that may be needed to give planning consent.”
Appoint a structural engineer who will produce a series of drawings and calculations that detail how best to build the basement shell and core (the reinforced concrete structure in the ground). “The engineer’s design will factor in all survey information available as well as your project timescales and budget constraints,” Mike adds.
What is a party wall agreement?
You’ll need the structural design before the party wall agreement process begins: your appointed surveyor will want to review the design as part of your award.
These agreements are governed by the Party Wall Act, which sets out the rules for handling party walls, boundary walls and excavations near neighbouring buildings. If your planned basement involves excavating near to and below the foundation level of neighbouring buildings, then you’ll need a party wall agreement.
“It can be quite a time-consuming process,” warns Neil Dusheiko of Neil Dusheiko Architects. “We normally allow about two months for the party wall negotiation.”
Talk to neighbours and see if they are happy for one party wall surveyor to be appointed to represent all parties (he/she is obligated to remain impartial). “Neighbours may prefer to appoint their own surveyor, which means the process can take a little more time,” says Neil.
Look for a party wall surveyor at the Faculty of Party Wall Surveyors.
How much does a basement extension cost?
Mike advises that professional services fees typically come in at £60,000 to £120,000 +VAT for a completed basement of around 100 square metres (depending on the extent of services engaged and scale of project).
A similar-sized project, shell and core construction (including insurances/guarantees) typically costs from £2,700 to £3,700 +VAT per square metre, while fit-out costs are around £1,500 to £4,000 +VAT per square metre.
Obviously, these costs vary according to the choices you make; for example, timber floors can range between £50 per square metre to £400 per square metre.
Overall cost is also driven by what you intend to use the space for. “Cinema rooms and swimming pools are far more expensive than bedrooms and playrooms,” explains Mike.
Although pricey, a basement can add significant value to your property.” For example, if your property is worth £750 per square foot, then you can expect a return on investment of 1.3 per cent,” Mike continues.
However, a small basement may not deliver the same results because of the costs involved. “If you’re building a 20 square metre basement, the amount of waterproofing and structural work is quite substantial,” adds Neil. “So, there’s a cost to value ratio that you need to take into account.”